“Heroism doesn’t always happen in a burst of glory. Sometimes small triumphs and large hearts change the course of history.”- Mary Roach. The sacrifice, valor, honesty and commitment of the Indian Armed forces have earned them great respect and honor. The whole country bows with a sense of gratitude for the selfless service they render for safeguarding their motherland. The Indian Defence forces are armed forces of the Republic of India. These forces are further diverged into three elite forces: The Indian Navy, The Indian Airforce, The Indian Army. These forces protect the country on water bodies, air and land. India has borders with countries such as Pakistan, China, Mayanmar, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. These neighbouring countries continuously threat India with their terror attacks, for fighting back our forces are blessed with capable technical weapons.
The advancement in combating capabilities has encouraged millions of youngsters to join Indian Defence force and serve their motherland. Anyone can easily join these forces by qualifying any defence exam like AFCAT, NDA, CDS etc. Those who are preparing for the NDA exam can approach a magnificent institute that provides the Best NDA coaching in Chandigarh. Before joining these forces, one should have knowledge regarding modern weapons used in defence forces.
The list of advance and modern weapons used in Defence forces of India are stated below:
- Biological and Chemical weapons
Our nation had signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1992, that stated it did not have the capability or capacity to manufacture chemical weapons. After doing so, in 1993 India became the original of the Chemical Weapon Convention. India destroyed its stock of chemical weapons(1,044 tones of sulphur mustard) in June 1997. Also, India decimated 75% of its chemical stock by the end of 2006 and was permitted to decimate remaining stock by April 2009. It was estimated that 100% of the stock would have been destroyed in that time period. India acknowledged the United Nations Organisation about mass destruction of chemical weapons in May 2009. After South Korea and Albania, India became the third country to shun the usage of Chemical weapons in compliance with the International Chemical Weapons Convention. The Inspector of the United Nations Organisation cross-checked every nation for doing so.
In January 1973, India also ratified the Biological Weapons Convention and pledged to abide by its obligations. India has scientific intelligence to develop chemical and biological offensive programs but chose not to do so.
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- Nuclear Weapons
Indian defence forces have been blessed with nuclear weapons since 1974. India’s Strategic Nuclear Command of India controls the Land-based warheads, The Indian Navy controls the submarines and Ships, the Indian Air forces controls the air-based warheads. Nuclear warheads of Indian defence forces are given below:
- Land-based mobile, like “Agni” (operational)
- Ship-based mobile, like “Dhanush”(operational)
- Submarine based, like “Sagarika”(operational)
- Fixed Underground Silos (operational)
- Strategic Bomber Force like the Dassault Mirage 2000 and Jaguar (Operational), these are air-based warheads.
The nuclear armed cruise missiles are listed hereunder:
- Nirbhay: It is a subsonic cruise missile having a long range of over 1000 kilometers.
- BrahMos: This missile was developed in collaboration with Russia. It is a supersonic cruise missile that served The Indian Army and The Indian Navy in land attacks and anti-ship variants. Air launched variants are under testing or development.
- Nag: It is a third generation anti-tank missile used by the Defence forces. This missile was developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation(DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme(IGMDP).
- Akash: It is a mobile surface-to-air missile defence system. It is a medium range missile that can target upto 30 kilometers.
- Helena: It is Structurally different from NAG missile but it is a variant of NAG missile that can be launched from the helicopter.
- Prahar: It is short range, surface to surface tactical ballistic missile.
- Astra: It is also named as “Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile” (BVRAAM) used by the airforce of India.
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- Nuclear doctrine of India
Indian defence forces work on the policy, “No First Use Policy” that states the development process of a nuclear doctrine is based on “credible minimum deterrence”. The Indian government released a draft of the doctrine in August 1999, that stated nuclear weapons will be only used for combating any attack or on the battlefield. Thus, India will follow the policy of “retaliation only”. The document also mentioned that India will not first use nuclear strike but will only respond with corrective retaliation.
This is how India chose to use the capability of nuclear weapons for safeguarding the nation from terror attacks or enemy invasion. The updated technical capability of weapons has motivated numerous youngsters to be a part of Indian Defence forces.
There are umpteen number of youngsters who aspire to be an officer in the Indian Air Force. All they need to do is prepare well for the AFCAT exam. If anyone needs proper guidance then they can approach a reputed institute that caters the Best AFCAT coaching in Chandigarh.
The list of updated and modern weapons used in Defence forces of India are mentioned above. From this, we can easily deduce the combating capabilities of the Indian Armed forces.