Historical Methods vs. Electrification Systems
In the past, home and commercial appliances used natural methods for power, such as the direct burning of oil, petroleum, coal, and other solid, liquid, or gaseous forms of fossil fuels. With the invention of electricity and advancements in technology, industries followed by residential locations, and more recently, some rural areas have started to use electricity to power appliances such as heating, cooling, or other devices and appliances.
With the increase in global warming, more companies and individuals have started to make a conscious effort to switch from fossil fuel-powered electricity to more eco-friendly renewable sources of power. Whether it has been a complete switch or a partial introduction of these methods of building electrification, those who choose solar-powered, wind-powered, tidal-powered, or other non-renewable energy-powered options prevent the worsening of the global warming situation and a reduction in the creation of their carbon footprint. Some industrial processes require the hybrid method of electrification that combines more traditional electrification processes such as steam or fuel electricity generation alongside more modern techniques using solar or wind power. In a residential area, the common uses of electricity in a home include ventilation systems, cooling systems, heating systems, entertainment systems, kitchen appliances, lighting installations, and some cleaning devices. Industrial locations use electrification to provide their factory machinery, transportation fueling, and charging devices.
Benefits and Limitations of Electrification
Electrification of any residential or commercial building comes attached with several benefits and disadvantages or limitations even if the latter outweighs the former, which have been discussed below.
One of the many benefits of electrification includes the opportunity for the end-users to lower the costs they spend on electricity generation with its advanced grid system support and ancillary services. Some other benefits include the flexibility to include variable energy sources such as wind, solar, hydro, tidal, geothermal, and other forms of non-renewable sources of energy and the possibility of electric cars and distributed storage.
A few of the limitations of electrification include the high operating costs and the price to switch from the existing fuel sources to this more sustainable variety, and the instant availability of the electric processes of the industry. Familiarity is one of the disadvantages that some users experience as it takes some time to get used to.
Bringing electricity to remote regions of the world has been a goal of the more recent past and present. Any rural electrification company helps reduce the number of households from 14% of the global population or the 1 billion odd people that do not have access to the privilege of electricity by a significant amount. One of the essential benefits of electrification in rural areas of the nation is the increase in national economic growth alongside facilitating and encouraging sustainable development. It gives people living in remote areas access to better jobs, education, and many other opportunities they would otherwise miss out on. The availability of employment can also extend to the installation and upkeep processes required to elect any locality.
Electrification of rural areas has also proven to better the healthcare conditions and opportunities in these localities as it provides them with faster and overall better functioning devices, lighting, and more. In a significant way, rural electrification companies have played a massive role in eliminating a substantial segment of a nation’s population from the political, technological, and scientific advancements and happenings in the country.
Better lighting technology provided because of the electrification of rural areas and their homes not only allows for better and smoother functioning of household activities alongside increased road safety due to more well-lit roads and safety signs. On the whole, rural electrification is better for the environment as it reduces the burning out of the earth’s invaluable fossil fuels and benefits the people of the region in many ways.
There are a few challenges that the electrification companies may face while planning to install these systems in rural areas, including the distance of these remote areas from any other civilization increasing the risks and costs of installation. Another factor is the lack of demand unless the local people are adequately educated about the uses and benefits of the electrification system.